Kidney stones are hardened salt and mineral deposits that form in the kidneys. They are a common health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. Some of these stones are about the size of a grain of sand, while others are as big as a golf ball. They form when excess calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus crystallize in the urine. Kidney stones can be caused by many things, like what you eat, how much water you drink, medical conditions, and your genes.
Kidney stones are painful
Kidney stones are problematic because they can cause a lot of pain leading to other problems if they aren’t taken care of properly. Typical symptoms include sharp pain in the lower abdomen or back, blood in the urine, having to go to the bathroom a lot, and feeling sick or throwing up. As the number of kidney stones increases, it’s more important than ever to discuss the different ways to treat and prevent them.
Getting to Know Treatment Options Available in India
When people talk about different ways to treat kidney stones, the phrase “kidney stone treatment in India” comes up a lot. India is known worldwide as a place to get high-quality medical care, and it has many ways to prevent and treat kidney stones. Its healthcare system has hospitals with the latest technology and doctors and nurses with extensive experience who offer comprehensive treatment. The size, type, and location of the kidney stone are the most important factors in deciding how to treat it.
Kidney stones can be treated with medicine
For smaller stones that are less likely to cause problems, medicines may be the best way to get rid of them. Alpha-blockers are often given by doctors because they can relax the muscles in the ureter and make it easier for stones to pass. Also, pain management is an important part of treatment. Over-the-counter pain relievers and prescription painkillers ease the pain while a kidney stone is passing.
ESWL or Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common non-invasive way to get rid of kidney stones. This procedure breaks stones into small pieces that can then be passed out of the body in the urine. ESWL is often used to remove kidney or upper ureter stones that are less than 2 cm in size. It is a safe and effective procedure with few side effects and a short time for healing.
Laser Lithotripsy and Ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to remove kidney stones stuck in the lower urinary tract. In this procedure, a thin, flexible instrument called a ureteroscope is put through the urethra and bladder to reach the stone. Small stones can be retrieved, and laser energy is used to break up bigger ones. This procedure is done while the patient is under anaesthesia and usually takes between 30 minutes and 3 hours.
PCNL or Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) might be the best choice for bigger stones or when ESWL and ureteroscopy don’t work. For this surgery, a small cut is made in the back so that a tube can be put directly into the kidney to remove or break up the stone. PCNL has a high success rate for removing larger kidney stones, even though it needs to be done in the hospital and has a higher risk of complications.
Prevention and Changes in Lifestyle
Kidney stones can be prevented from forming through lifestyle changes. There are medical and surgical treatments for kidney stones, but making changes to your lifestyle can cut the risk of getting them significantly. Kidney stones can be avoided by staying well-hydrated, eating a diet low in sodium and high in calcium, eating less animal protein, and maintaining a healthy weight.
The Best Way to Treat Kidney Stones
When talking about “kidney stone treatment in India,” remember how the country’s healthcare system has progressed. Several reputed hospitals have world-class facilities and well-known urologists. Patients with kidney stones can get care at these hospitals, from accurate diagnoses to individualized treatment plans.
In summary, the progress made in “kidney stone treatment in India” gives patients reasons to be hopeful. With a wide range of treatment options, from medicine to minimally invasive surgery, doctors can ensure that each patient gets the care that fits their needs best. This, along with the fact that prevention is very important, makes it easier to deal with kidney stones.